Cappadocia is a historical region located within the borders of present-day Turkey. It is famous for its fairy chimneys, valleys, caves, and historical structures that were formed as a result of volcanic activity starting approximately 60 million years ago.
Throughout history, the region has been used as a settlement by various civilizations. Civilizations such as the Hittites, Persians, Romans, Byzantines, and Ottomans have left their mark on the region. Cappadocia holds great importance in the history of Christianity. The early Christians sought refuge in the region to escape persecution in the Roman Empire and built hidden churches and monasteries. The region was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985.
The history of Cappadocia, combined with its historical structures and natural beauty, attracts the interest of tourists. Touristic sites such as fairy chimneys, underground cities, cave churches, historical bridges, and castles can be found in the region. Additionally, hot air balloon tours are one of the favorite activities for tourists who want to explore the unique landscapes of Cappadocia.
Today, Cappadocia continues to be an important tourist destination for travelers from all around the world, thanks to its historical, natural, and cultural beauties.